Pre-production is the process of breaking down the finished script and preparing each elements of the movie for production. The phase of it include Breaking down the script, Determining the budget, Securing the financing, Scouting locations, Casting, Hiring the crew, Securing equipment, and Scheduling the shoot dates.
Pre-production is a methodical process similar to designing the blueprints. Think about every aspect of the movie in advance and try to be as prepared as possible before arriving on the set. Every prop, every person, and every shot must be carefully thought out and planned so that when on set, you can make the best use of the time you have by focusing on the performances and not on logistics.
The quality of the production is directly proportional to the amount of time taken on pre-production. The more organized the project, the smoother everything will go on set. Before starting preproduction, hire a good attorney and a good accountant to assist in setting up the bank accounts for the company, especially if the production is funded by outside investors.
Pre-production is not complicated, but there are a thousand little jobs that need to be done. So although it may seem stressful, a careful and organized approach can help the process go smoothly. Even the best planned shoots will encounter problems, so expect them. When they occur, don’t get frustrated. Remember that if making a movie was easy, everyone would be doing it. Be prepared to deal with any problem that arises on set by thinking about the best possible solutions in advance.
Raising the funds needed to produce your movie can be both challenging and frustrating. Like other industries, financiers will invest money into projects whose managers have demonstrated an ability to produce a profitable product. The first step toward securing financing for your movie is to calculate how much money you need to make the movie. Remember that financiers respond better to a well-thought-out, line item budget, rather than a request for a general dollar amount.
In preparing the budget, the first step is to break down the script to determine the number of shooting days, cast and crew requirements, production design, camera, and lighting equipment needs, postproduction expenses, and so on. Once you have an idea of the resources needed to produce the film, call vendors, cast and crew members, and locations to calculate the cost of each aspect of the movie. The result is a ballpark budget you can present an investor. Part of the fun of making a low-budget movie is to see how many elements can be found and secured for free. The more freebies, the more money-costing line items can be removed from the budget.
Read more about The Film Pre-Production on Google Books